Remembrance of Things Past

Mostly about growing up the 1950s in Ilford, Essex.

[62] Ilford County High School for Boys – Part One


I’m afraid I am running out of sensible ideas for cryptic titles. This is the first of several blogs about my experiences at Secondary School.

The school is still there and from the outside it hasn’t changed much. You can find it from Google Maps if you search for ‘Ilford County High School.’


It’s still a selective grammar school for boys only and it has its own web-site now at so I will leave it to you to find out about it now. I will take you back over fifty years to how I remember it – from 1958 to 1965. (It no longer calls itself Ilford County High School for Boys. I think the equivalent school for girls, near Gants Hill, was more short-lived.)

I am hoping that I have enough for two or three quite long posts about my school life here, only roughly chronologically, but I have to go back a tiny bit to say how I got there.


Younger readers will need to know this to convert forwards. Oldies like me may need it to convert backwards. Those in between probably know already. But there won’t be a test! OK, we used to have Primary school (Infants and Juniors) then we moved to Secondary School where we had First Form to Fifth Form; and finally Lower Sixth and Upper Sixth.

These are now called Reception, Year 1 and Year 2 (Infants), Year 3 to Year 6 (Juniors), Year 7 to Year 11 (Secondary), then Years 12 and 13 (still, just to confuse us all, sometimes called Sixth Form). This is just for England! Wales is fairly close but not exactly. Don’t try to understand Scotland and Northern Ireland, which have different systems of education – they always have done. In what I write, I will stick to the old designations – so at ICHS I went through First Form to Sixth Form.

Selection at 11 Plus

Selective schools are relatively uncommon now but then they were to be the norm. Back in the fifties there were no comprehensive schools (and none of the more modern versions, Free Schools, Foundation Schools, City Technology Colleges, Academies and whatever else subsequent governments may invent.) The break between Primary and Secondary education was very important, called ’11-Plus’ and it involved selection by examinations for all.

For my early education see [15] Highlands School (1) and [16] Highlands School (2). My equivalents of Year 4, 5 and 6 were at Highlands School. We all knew that the 11-Plus was coming and I suppose that our last year there was intended to prepare us for it.

The test was in three parts – English, Arithmetic and Intelligence.

I think that my parents assumed that we would pass but there was a bit of ‘cramming’ to help us. (Observant readers will note my use of the plural and perhaps remember my twin brother.) I remember two large books, something like A3 size but thin and card-backed, plain greyish brown. They were full of typical IQ questions, words, numbers and symbols with analogies like: ‘Horse is to Foal as Sheep is to ???’. Like all such tests in those days, the intelligence test didn’t only measure intelligence, it also depended on memory, vocabulary and culture.

From 1945 to 1970 in England and Wales there were three types of school. (Wales used to be part of England.) Those who passed the 11-Plus went to Grammar Schools. Ilford had about ten Grammar Schools. Those who failed went to Secondary Modern Schools. (Technical Schools, which were few in number, were alternatives to Grammar Schools. Many local authorities did not have Technical Schools. Ilford had just one, West Hatch Technical High School at Chigwell, now West Hatch High School.)

I don’t remember anything about taking the actual exams but we both passed and went to Ilford County High School. There was a process by which parents had put down their choice of Grammar School. I think they put about six of them in order. With an older brother already there, ICHS was the obvious choice.

Before I continue, here are three short notes about selection. (1) There was then no National Curriculum, no SATs, and nothing like them. (2) Three of us at Highlands were offered the chance to take Scholarship exams to the local Public Schools – probably Brentwood, Chigwell and Bancrofts. My parents declined the offer because even free fees would have left them with extra costs such as uniforms and travel. (3) In those days those with physical difficulties and learning difficulties (not called that!) had separate education. Now Comprehensive Schools more or less have to take everyone. (Sweeping generalization alert!)


Ilford County High School for Boys – School Location and Building

I will say so much about it that I will call it just ICHS from now onwards. The picture above, from the current web-site, is very familiar. (Of course, we didn’t go in through the front door.) On the map now there is a roundabout by the school. That wasn’t there. The triangle of land to the West, directly in front of the school, used to be open land. Now there are blocks of houses. We walked up Fremantle Road from Barkingside, which was as far as the bus took us.

Looking on the satellite view from Google Maps, the buildings have expanded but the original parts are still there. There were two quadrangles joined by the school hall in the middle. Round the quadrangles were classrooms and five science laboratories – two for Physics, two for Chemistry and one for General Science. (There was an option to do Biology, which I didn’t do. There may have been a Biology laboratory.)

By the entrance to the main hall were the Headmaster’s office and the Secretary’s office. Above this we had a Library. The picture shows lines of classrooms, with the office and library section in the middle.

Outside, the school still has a playground and a large school field. It looks as if some additional buildings have now encroached into the playground area but the large field behind it looks untouched.


As new First Form pupils we came on our own the day before term started for an introductory day. This was a useful, calming experience. We had sometimes heard tales of bullying of new boys by older pupils on the first day but I think these were apocryphal. We were told not to worry. We were shown round the buildings and told a little about procedures. My older brother, four or five years ahead at the school, had already given me some useful information and an annotated map.

School Rules were always prominently displayed on every class notice board. The thing that always struck me was that they also covered the journey to and from school and any time we were wearing school uniform. There were rules against smoking and we were expected to be polite and well-behaved on busses. (Yes, of course we were!)

In those days the rules about school leaving allowed pupils to leave at the end of the Fourth Form but at Grammar School we had to stay to complete our studies for ‘O’ Levels (GCE, the precursor to GCSE.) As a requirement for acceptance, parents signed an agreement to keep us on to the Fifth Form.

There was also the ‘School Fund,’ which was not exactly compulsory but I don’t think any parent ever refused to pay it. Five shillings a term (25 pence) was collected to cover extras such as transport costs for school teams in sports. We paid reduced rates as a family with more than one boy at the school. I have just checked my receipts. Early ones were for 2s 6d, and later 4s. (Yes, I know, I am a bit of a hoarder.)



I think Junior Schools like Highlands School had uniforms but they were pretty optional and I don’t remember ever seeing them. Grammar School uniform was compulsory and each school had its distinctive colours. For ICHS it was grey creased flannel trousers, white shirt, school tie, maroon blazer, grey socks and polished black leather shoes.

The modern uniform has the same badge and is almost unchanged but there are two differences. In the First Form we all wore short trousers. There was no precise age rule but we moved to long trousers around the second form.

In the uniform list, which we took to the appropriate shop in Ilford, was a school cap. I think it was plain maroon to match the jacket. Most boys bought them, some wore them for the introduction, but it was soon evident that nobody at school wore caps any more. The one boy in our year who wore one after the first day was severely mocked for it.


On a daily basis, we reached school in time for Assembly at 8:40. There were seven periods each day, many of them taken as double periods. In theory there were five minutes between lessons to allow us to move round the corridors and line up outside. From 9:00 to 10:30 we had two periods, then a break with two more from 10:45 to 12:15.

In the afternoon three periods without a break lasted from 1:45 to 3:50.

I cannot remember whether the classrooms had clocks but pupils generally did not have watches. Watches were expensive luxuries. My first watch was a present from my godmother on my confirmation at about thirteen. Time in the school was regulated by a prefect. At the appropriate time, the bell prefect went to the Office and pressed the button to ring the school bell in the corridors.

When the bell went we continued working. It was a guide for the teacher. He would stop the lesson and tell us to leave. We never went into the next lesson uninvited. We lined up outside and waited.

[OK, a diversion about time. We never used expressions like 8:40 or 10:45. They were ‘twenty to nine’ and ‘a quarter to eleven’ respectively and the school day ended at ‘ten to four.’ In general conversation, I don’t believe anyone used more accurate time than the nearest five minutes. Before ‘ten to four’ no one would ever say ‘twelve minutes to four.’ It might be ‘just after a quarter to four,’ or, perhaps, ‘nearly ten to four,’ or ‘between quarter to and ten to.’ Train timetable and bus timetables might have been more accurate – but I don’t want to imply that public transport ran on time!]

Hall and Assembly

The hall was an impressive room with its stage at the front (used sometimes for school plays) and gallery at the back. It could just about seat the whole school of 800 pupils and we came in by classes, in silence, for Assembly every morning. Classes sat in rows with the form teacher at the end. The gallery was for the Sixth Form.

I have talked of formality in an earlier posting ([40] Formality.) Schools have always been relatively formal and Assembly was the most formal point of the day. Some teachers had their gowns from university and those teachers always wore their gowns in Assembly.

When we were ready, the Headmaster, HS Kenward (known to the boys as Harry when no one was listening,) came from the back of the hall and we would always stand in silence for his entrance. (The class always stood if the head came into a lesson.) He would mount the stage with the Deputy Head, Mr Taylor and ask us to sit down.

Somehow we knew that talking in assembly would be dealt with severely. There was the possibility of … having your name announced in assembly with an order to see Mr Taylor afterwards. (That happened occasionally. The deputy head was feared, in quite an affectionate, respectful way. We didn’t know what would happened if called for an interview with him and we didn’t want to find out!)

As at Highlands, assembly was a primarily a short Christian service. For many years the only legal requirement in the school curriculum was that it must include this religious act – a requirement that gradually came to be bent or ignored in the eighties and nineties.

It started with a hymn from a pocket hymn book which fitted neatly into a blazer pocket. I suspect it was Hymns Ancient and Modern as used at church. Unfortunately I threw mine away about two years ago as part of a long term project to declutter, so I can’t check.

There was a small orchestra of about half a dozen instruments at Assembly, teachers and pupils. Not everyone sang enthusiastically but there was enough support to produce the tune and the words.

After the hymn there would be reading, not always from the Bible, and a few words, perhaps ethical or philosophical rather than religious.

Then we had prayers, always including the Lord’s Prayer, in the archaic language described in [3] Religion.

Finally, there were normally a few notices, including internal and external school events. We stood as the headmaster made his exit, then we left to return to our form rooms in preparation for the first lesson.

Classrooms and Teaching

Teaching was very formal using the old-fashioned ‘chalk and talk.’ Classrooms had desks lined in rows, four by four pairs of desks making room for the normal class size of 32 pupils. We lined up outside the classroom until asked to come in.


We did actually use desks like the picture above for all of our school work. Moreover, we used the desk in our form room to store all our text books and exercise books. We would take with us just what we needed.

The teacher’s desk at the front was on a raised platform and most teaching was done with the help of chalk on a blackboard. I may comment on individual teachers and their teaching styles later. (I have done a few years teaching so I will be a bit sympathetic.)


It was more or less one text book and one exercise book for each subject, issued by the teacher at the start of the year. Exercise books, between A4 and A5 in size, had 80 pages. When they were full you could take the full book to the office and get a new book, issued by a prefect.


All of our written work, especially homework, was in an exercise book using fountain pens. The only ink I ever saw was Parker’s Quink SOLV-X, normally blue-black.

We had to write clearly and neatly, so we had rough books, then copied work out neatly. We could write what we wanted in rough books, in ball-point pen or pencil. The paper was poor quality and you could not use a fountain pen.

Although it was never mentioned, we changed immediately from the printing style of Junior School to ‘joined-up’ cursive writing from the beginning of the First Form.


Before I end this introductory ICHS blog I have to show you this. It looks very similar to the satchel we all had, but very new, probably still smelling of leather. (The picture may be imitation plastic but ours were leather.) We all carried one to school with our homework and it came round with is to each lesson, at least for a few years. My memory is uncertain and I think we may have changed to duffel bags later on.


I still have a lot more to say about ICHS, maybe another two or three postings …














Author: Alan

Retired, currently living in Cheltenham.

19 thoughts on “[62] Ilford County High School for Boys – Part One

  1. Nice intro ! I was 9 years youger and experienced the “HM Prison” on the school roof. You may wish to mention that there were a few catholics and jewish students who would come in to assembly, only for notices on a Monday.


    • What is interesting is that there were about 200 Jewish boys and I think a couple of Asian boys but now there are hundreds of Asian boys and I expect very few Jewish boys. This reflects the continuously changing nature or east London.


    • Hi

      Looking at some family history and found your commnent about ‘HM Prison on the school roof. do you know what year it was?

      Many thanks


  2. In my home city of Coventry we had comprehensive schools as early as 1954. The city still had secondary modern schools and grammar schools operating in parallel to the comprehensive schools. Coventry had comprehensive schools at an early date because the city needed new schools and the population of the city was expanding rapidly and some schools had been destroyed by enemy bombing in the war) The new schools were comprehensive because the Labour (socialist) council favored this type of post secondary education. The new comprehensive schools had excellent facilities but the remaining grammar schools still had more prestige and were generally much more academic. The comprehensive schools routinely offered O levels but not all students took the exams; some left at 15. The comprehensive schools also offered a sixth form and A levels for a select few. The remaining secondary modern schools had poor facilities and generally did not offer O levels. I don’t know if you have attempted to discuss class on this page as in upper, middle, and working classes. Class is always the invisible elephant in the room in British and especially English society. I have not lived in England since 1969 but my impression is that class is still not talked about much. I wonder if you have tackled class yet or intend to? The comprehensive schools tried to give a decent education to lower middle class and working class children; my comprehensive school was very much like your grammar school. The various types of schools including private schools and the great public schools help maintain the class system down to this day with the prime minister and mayor of London and some cabinet ministers all coming from the elite Eton college.


  3. Pingback: [70] ICHS – Part Three | Remembrance of Things Past

  4. Pingback: [78] ICHS – Part Four | Remembrance of Things Past

  5. Pingback: [82] ICHS – Part Five | Remembrance of Things Past

  6. HI: Nice to see your take on ICHS. I was there from 1948-1954. I am now 78 and living in the USA. I can add a bit to your observations, but from a time shortly before you were there.

    In 1948 the school was headed by Harry S. Kenward, MA (Oxon). It took me 5 years to figure out what degree the Oxon part was for. He had a senior headmaster a Mr. McPherson and a Junior Headmaster, a rotund and very large Mr. Slaughter.

    Kenward was terrifying, I did not get to know MacPherson until the 5th form. Slaughter was my First Form Master.

    There were 4 Forms in each year and 4 Houses. I was in the D form and in School house that sported the same uniform that you have pictured and there was a green band at the back of the cap signifying the house. I have forgotten the names of the other houses. It was custom for everyone up to form 5 to wear short grey pants, even if you were pretty tall.

    Every morning we had to attend prayers and notices in the hall. Mr. Kenward would stand at the podium and deliver the edicts. He had a pencil in his right hand that he slid through his fingers to the end, tapped it on the table, rotated it and started over with the slide. It was the main thing I remember about assembly. There were also a few Jewish boys that came into assembly after prayers and stood at the back while the notices were read.

    It was normal at that time for boys not going on to university, that they leave after O levels to find work. Fifteen years old was considered an acceptable age at that time to begin a working life.

    After leaving assembly we remained in our classrooms to await the next teacher. They always wore black gowns when I was there. We had to stand when they came into the room and remain silent for the time they were teaching. School was from 8:30am until 4pm if I remember correctly. A bell was sounded by Miss Glasser, the school secretary at the end of each period. She was a young woman, maybe 18 years old, when I first came to the school

    Some of the teachers I remember during my time there.

    Mr. Bowen (Pin Head) – horrid teacher taught us algebra and liked to randomly cane us.
    Mr. Collins. A good French teacher. I realized in my later travels that he spoke French with a good English accent
    Mr. Rigby, a good math teacher
    Mr. Spitz (Herman or Heinz), a chemistry and Math teacher, quite excellent
    Mr. Paine. He somehow got me to take an interest in Applied Math, so he was very good
    Mrs. Green (Vera). She taught English. Can’t remember anything about the subject
    Mr. Pyman. Phys Ed. I hated the Gym, but he was good
    Mr Slaughter, History, slept through his classes.
    Mr. Taylor, he taught Physics, I was so bad at it my parents had to pay 10 shillings to allow me to sit A levels.
    Mr. Landau, Another physics teacher.
    Mr. Lowe (Selwyn) He taught English with a Gaelic accent.
    Mrs Ball taught biology.

    Being in the D form, we did not have to take Latin or Greek, my school reports show I was a miserable student. Kenward’s comments at the bottom of the repots were usually “tries hard”. That was being too kindly.

    After the fifth form O levels, I was short a couple of passes so being the youngest in the class it was suggested that I remain in 5 special to take the few extra classes that I had failed before going out to work. I think there were only 4 of us in that class.

    In 5 special I took English and French and scraped through the O levels. I also sat in on 6th form Math, physics and Chemistry as I had nothing else to do and did reasonably well.

    That year in 5 special was what I personally needed. I slipped into the 6th Form unnoticed. In fact I had the distinction of being the only boy that was not made a prefect in the 6th form. Prefects jackets were edged in silver, Sub Prefects were half edged.

    My summation is that ICHS provided a disciplined education resulting in a very successful student body. The year I was in produced 13 State scholarship students, many of whom went on to Oxford and Cambridge.

    Thank you for your articles. They brought back memories.

    Stanley Kravitz, Ph.D.


    • Thanks for your comments. Lots of familiar names as teachers.


    • The school secretary was Miss Jean Glassberg. She joined when leaving the girls ICHS. I was there from 65 to 72. Mr Bowen was in fact Bown ….. horrid guy and was a sadist just like his counterpart in general science … Mr Forbes who was 5ft nothing. The House names were Castle, School, Forest and Abbey. The houses were denoted by colours on the school caps, gold, yellow, green and blue. All happy days !!!


      • Miss Glassberg only died a couple of years ago and was awarded an OBE or MBE for services to education.


    • I (1963-70) remember Mr Bown liked to use his finger to poke boys in the temple while marking their work in class. Also his cigarette smoke wafting from his prep room. I got to know him a little when I was 19ish as we both took our Golden Retrievers to South Park for exercise. He was quite a nice chap!


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  8. I was at ICHS from 1955 until 1960.

    I began in 1S (Mr Slaughter) and spent the next 4 years in the D stream. I left school with 3 “O” levels, in German (Grade 1) French (Grade 2) and English (Grade 4). I taught myself German from a book and was helped by two masters named below. I won the School Prize for Modern Languages. The four houses were School, Castle (Purple I think) , Forest (Green) and Abbey (light blue). I played for the school at cricket and football and waqs in the Army Cadet Corps. The RAF cadet corps was always full.

    Other masters besides Pinhead (we had him for General Science) whom people may remember were Mr Drake (sports), Mr Mitcham (Music), Mr Hall (French) Mr Stenner (German) and Mr Nancarrow (German and French). Mr Kenward the Headmaster was a keen mountaineer in his youth, so he once told us.

    After leaving school I had a variety of jobs and eventually went to Argentina on an insurance audit in 1993, met my future wife there and have remained. We have one daughter, she is studying to be an English teacher at Buenos Aires University annexe, speaks very good English. I supplemented my income translating 80 (mainly war books) books from German into English for English publishers.

    Liked by 1 person

  9. Alan
    I have two sisters, Margaret and Janet , who both attended ICHS Girls in Valentines Park and went on to University but unfortunately I had no brother.
    We lived in Barking (Thames View Estate) and so I had to make the journey every day by 23c to Barking Lodge Avenue and then by trolleybus 169 to Barkingside High Road. There was very little contact between the A, B, C and D streams, D competed with C only for sports. Mr Stenner had me in German lessons with 4B and 5B as a special privilege but A and B were so academically above us that we had no contact at all with them, nor with the years below us. The boys in the photos on Rayment’s website, (a real bunch of toughs, I would definitely have remembered them) which he thinks were year 1959 or 1960 ring no bells at all.
    Good to have somebody keeping the old memories alive. Very different world we have now.

    Liked by 1 person

  10. Pingback: [113] All Manner of Things Shall be Well | Remembrance of Things Past

  11. I went to ICHS – girls from 1973 – 1980. By my fifth form year (1978) , the school had sadly become comprehensive and begun its social and intellectual decline. The layout was similar to the boys’ school, although I think it was slightly older, having been built in 1927 as opposed to the boys’ school which I think was built in 1901. By the time that I was there, the arches around the quads had been glazed but my sister who was there 9 years earlier, remembers them as being open. We only had one all-purpose science lab (being girls!) Even in the late 1970s, we were not encouraged to be too intellectual in case it spoilt our chances of marriage.

    I was largely taught by the same people as my sister. Most of the teachers were educated to MA level with the odd PhD here and there. Many had remained single, not least because of limited opportunities during WWII, hence the feeling that we should not become blue stockings. The vast majority of out text books dated back to the 1950s and we were only allowed to use biros in the sixth form in order to take notes. Otherwise it was indeed blue-black Quink and fountain pens which had a tendency to vomit in one’s bag or, worse, pocket. There had for many years only been one male teacherm the art master, but when a teacher shortage hit in the early 1970s, the school were forced to take on some younger, male staff. They were much more progressive in their views than the pupils!

    I remember being shocked that our history teacher, Mr Brown, openly admitted to listening to pop music. He was also non-plussed at being addressed by his surname or as “sir”. I remeber him apologising for not acknowledging me because he thought that “Mr Brown” was his dad! One PE teacher scandalised older staff – and pupils – by wearing silver coloured thigh-high boots. There were rumours that she went to discos in the evening. She didn’t last long.


  12. I attended ICHS for Boys between 1961 and 1966. I do not have particularly happy memories of the school and there were several tyrannical and /or incompetent teachers there at the time. However one did stand out for me and I wonder what became of him. Mr. C. R. Goudy (affectionately known to us as ‘Dick’), became our form teacher and English teacher in the Third Form. He was one of the few teachers with an infectious enthusiasm for his subject and he brought it alive, for example by reading from “The Catcher in the Rye” and allowing us to act out Caesar’s death scene. He only stayed a few years and I would have loved to have thanked him for nurturing my lifelong love of literature. He was one of just a few young teachers at that time and I think he went on to teach at a girls’ grammar. Does anyone remember or know what became of him?


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